Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of any part of the urinary system.

Doctors illustration


The urinary system includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. An infection to any part of the urinary system is known as a urinary tract infection or UTI. Most common UTIs involve infections to the lower urinary tract, the bladder and the urethra. UTIs can lead to a kidney infection, which can be very serious, if left untreated.

Different types of UTIs can include:

Cystitis: an infection of the bladder which is the most common lower urinary tract infection

Urethritis: an infection of the urethra

Pyelonephritis: an infection of the kidneys

Common symptoms can include:

  • Burning with urination
  • Increased frequency of urination without passing much urine
  • Increased urgency of urination
  • Bloody urine
  • Cloudy urine
  • Urine that appears red, bright pink or cola-colored — signs of blood in the urine
  • Strong-smelling urine
  • Pelvic pain in women, especially in the center of the pelvis and around the area of the pubic bone

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